More than thirty pharaohs contributed to the construction of this sacred temple, which beginning from the XVIII dynasty. 1482) enclosed this 12th-dynasty (1938–c. Karnak Temple is located on the east bank of the Nile River, in the city of Luxor, Egypt. The first Pylon is the main entrance to the temple and the last building at Karnak. King Tuthmosis III(1473-1458 B.C)  dug it and was used by priests for purification and other rituals like navigation, it was the home of sacred geese of Amun. It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. The archaeological Temple of Mut is located 350 meters south of the area of the Temple of Amun in the compound of the Karnak Temple in Luxor in southern Egypt. Where is Karnak temple located The Temple is located in the heart of the city of Luxor in the East Bank of the city. Climate: The month with the highest average low temperature is July (23.6°C). Find out where it is and what the closest landmarks are on our interactive map. Ramses III (reigned 1187–56) built a small temple to Amon outside the Ramesside pylon across from a triple shrine erected by Seti II (reigned 1204–1198). Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. 3100 bce), when a small settlement was founded on the wide eastern bank of the Nile floodplain. Once you’re in Luxor, it’s easy to find a driver to take you to Karnak and back for about 50 EGP (~$3 USD) or so. Its construction began around 1600 BCE with numerous incarnations over the centuries. karnak temple known as the temple of Amun. The entire country of Egypt deserve to be explored with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen before any other such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili Bazaar, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak & Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan such as Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Karnak complex known as Ipet-isu—or “most select of places. In ancient times an avenue of sphinxes that ran the entire 3 kilometers between them to connect the two sites. The 120m by 77m Karnak Temple Sacred Lake is the largest of it’s kind. The complex was added to and altered at many periods and, in consequence, lacks a systematic plan. The site of Karnak and other areas of ancient Thebes present a constant problem to the architects who seek to preserve them, for the foundations are inadequate, and moisture from the Nile’s annual flood has disintegrated the sandstone at the base of walls and columns. The temple is now an enormous open-air museum, as well as one of the biggest ancient religious sites worldwide. The Karnak Temple is huge and is located in a sand-covered area, so remember to wear comfortable shoes and clothes. Obelisks at the temple complex of Karnak, Egypt. Karnak Location. The most northerly temple is the Temple of Mont, the war god, of which little now remains but the foundations. It has been called a great historical document in stone: in it are reflected the fluctuating fortunes of the Egyptian empire. Omissions? It is dated back to the epoch of the eighteenth dynasty Theban Triad. The southern temple, which has a horseshoe-shaped sacred lake, was devoted to the goddess Mut, wife of Amon; this also is much ruined. Karnak is a site for ruins of the temples of ancient Egypt and was the setting for the events that transpired in 1933, when a cultist group led by Imhotep stopped to set up camp for one night. It was part of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes which used to be the capital of Ancient Egypt for numerous centuries. Relief sculpture from Luxor or Karnak area, Egypt. Why was the Precinct of Mut built? 1756 bce) temple with a stone wall and fronted it with two pylons (the fourth and fifth), erecting two obelisks in front of the new temple facade. The Bubastite Gate at the southeast corner of this court commemorates the victories won by Sheshonk I (reigned 945–924), the biblical Shishak, in Palestine. Location of Karnak Temple on the map of Egypt. Karnak was acually a temple that was created by many pharoahs. 1 City 2 History 3 Appearances 4 External link Made largely of ancient ruins, Karnak was located in the Sahara Desert along the banks of the Nile river. You can reach it by rams at the tenth edifice until the end of the gate of King Ptolemy II. Hatshepsut then inserted a quartzite bark shrine dedicated to Amon in the centre of the temple, as well as two additional pairs of obelisks, one of which still stands. A discussion of some of the most important sites associated with ancient Egypt. Historical reliefs on the outer walls show the victories of Seti in Palestine and Ramses II defeating the Hittites at the Battle of Kadesh. When was the Temple of Khonsu built? The Precinct of Amun-Re, located near Luxor, Egypt, is one of the four main temple enclosures that make up the immense Karnak Temple Complex.The precinct is by far the largest of these and the only one that is open to the general public. The Karnak Temple complex, also simply referred to as “Karnak,” is a massive historical and archaeological site in southern Egypt near the modern city of Luxor. The work of repairing and strengthening goes on continuously, and, as this work is carried out, new discoveries are constantly being made. The temple is now an enormous open-air museum, as well as one of the biggest ancient religious sites worldwide. It is dedicated to the Egyptian god Montu, the child of Amun and Mut. Hat, sunscreen, sunglasses and a bottle of water are also welcome. The area around Karnak was the ancient Egyptian Ipet-isut ("The Most Selected of Places") and the main place of worship of the eighteenth dynasty Theban Triad with the god Amun as its head. It is located at “Thebes” Luxor city. The hotel is perfectly located 3 min walking distance from Luxor temple and 7 min by car to karnak Temple, and just across from the boat that takes you to the other side of the Nile to visit the valley of kings and queens. Hieroglyphics on a temple wall at Karnak, Egypt. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine. The mortuary temples of the pharaohs and the Valleys of the Kings and Queens are on the Nile’s West bank across from Thebes. We left the visitor’s center and headed to the temple’s entrance, with the Criosphinx guarding the temple and through the Great Hypostyle Hall. The village is situated on the Nile river’s banks about 2.5 kilometers north from Luxor. The Hypostyle hall in the temple includes 134 columns, which makes it the largest religious room in any building that has ever been built. The Karnak Temple Complex is located just outside of Luxor. Statues are located in the southern side of the Karnak Temple first courtyard, there had originally been 33 before the transfer of 4 rams to Tahrir Square. Luxor Temple, along with the temple complex of Karnak, is the most famous temple complexes around Luxor and they are both located on the East Bank of the Nile. The seventh and eighth pylons were erected in the 15th century bce by Thutmose III and Queen Hatshepsut, respectively, and the ninth and tenth during Horemheb’s reign (1319–1292). It covers more than 100 hectares, an area larger than some ancient cities. We have more than 33 years of experience in Egypt tourism. Karnak temple known as the temple of Amun, it was called Ipet-isu or “The most select of places” in the middle kingdom, also know as Pr-Imn or “House of Amon” and it dates back to 2055 BC to around 100 AD, it was built over 2000 years. The temple complex is dedicated to the principal god of the Theban Triad, Amun, in the form of Amun-Re. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Seven lateral aisles on either side brought the number of pillars to 134. Karnak is an ancient Egyptian temple precinct located on the east bank of the Nile River in Thebes (modern-day Luxor). Put on sun block during your time in Egypt in the summer to protect yourself from the sun. The area covers about 20,000 sq m. Most monuments are poorly preserved. In the reign of Thutmose III (1479–26) the temple was greatly enlarged; not only did he add to the existing structures and add a pylon (the sixth) and pillared courts containing halls in which he inscribed the annals of his campaigns, but he also built to the east of the Middle Kingdom area a transverse temple in the form of a jubilee pavilion. Karnak, also called Al-Karnak, village located in Al-Uqṣur muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Upper Egypt, which has given its name to the northern half of the ruins of Thebes on the east bank of the Nile River, including the ruins of the Great Temple of Amon. History. Quays and processional ways link the three precincts to the Nile. 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